Bristol Sam

Discussion in 'Criminal Ancestors' started by burt, Dec 27, 2015.

  1. burt

    burt Where there's a will there's a way!

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    This was the nickname of notorious horse stealer Samuel Wilcox of Bristol.
    His accomplice was 20 year old Robert Smith known as 'shug'.
    Samuel Wilcox was married 1818 and had three children baptised at St
    George, Bristol, 1820, 1822 and 1824.
    This man is my sons' 4Xgreat grandfather via my ex wife whose maiden
    name was Wilcox.
    The two men were convicted 9/10 April 1827 of stealing a gelding from
    Samuel Weston, blacksmith. They both received the sentence of death.
    At their petition before Mr Baron Vaughan, their grounds for clemency
    were :-"the prisoners were innocent, an unnamed man being the culprit"
    and "they had compensated the prosecutor for hi loss" and "they were
    both married with wives and small children dependant on them".
    Initial sentence, death, commuted to transportation for life.
    Recommendation - no mercy.
    Samuel Wilcox was sent aboard the hulk 'Dolphin' where he was received
    on 16th May. He was discharged from there on 21st July to the transport
    ship 'Asia' for Van Diemans Land. Robert Smith aged 20 went on the 'John'.
    A description of Samuel Wilcox on the 'Dolphin'-
    Aged 30 a labourer - A notorious Horse Stealer known by the name of
    Bristol Sam he is supposed to have stolen a great many horses.
    Orderly in Gaol.
    I only found all this and more late on Christmas Eve and would love to
    know more of what happened to Samuel when he got to Oz [if he got
    there as one did die on the trip out]
     
  2. Archie's Mum

    Archie's Mum Always digging up clues

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    Oh darn, golly gosh and bother. I have to go out.....I'll be back though if no one else beats me to it! And they will :(
     
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  3. Mealymoo

    Mealymoo A Busy Lizzy

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    I won't spoil your fun, AM, I know how much you love convict searches ;), it would be cruel to deprive you and anyway you're good at sniffing out the bad boys and gals ;)
     
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  4. Sis

    Sis Rootles out resources!

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    I'm going to leave it to our resident expert convict finderer. I miss over half of what AM finds:rolleyes::)
     
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  5. Archie's Mum

    Archie's Mum Always digging up clues

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    Oh gosh. I didn't mean to be a glutton. Now I feel terrible.
    However I will get over it....had a lovely afternoon with 2 other couples with whom we have been friends for about 46 years. A combination of heart bypass, knee replacements, gall bladder surgery. You know how it is.
    Samuel Wilcox received his free pardon 20 September 1843. His sentence was life for horse stealing.
    Now there are a couple of Samuel Wilcox's after that date. One married an Esther Sykes in Launceston in 1849.
    Another Samuel Wilcox departed on 28 July 1845 from George Town to Adelaide on the 'William'
    Yet another Samuel Wilcox left Launceston on the 'Clarence' bound for Melbourne on 25 November 1853. He is listed as free.
    Then the death of a Samuel Wilcox in 1850 at Colonial Hospital Hobart. Year of birth was also 1850.
    That's all the Samuel Wilcox's I can find so far......others may find more...
     
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  6. Sis

    Sis Rootles out resources!

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    Please don't. :)
     
  7. Archie's Mum

    Archie's Mum Always digging up clues

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    Well we can rule that one out because he has a permission to marry in the name of Samuel Woolcock per 'Lord Petre' and married Esther Sykes under the name of Wilcox.
    So unless more by that name turn up then it looks like he went to Adelaide or Melbourne
     
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  8. Archie's Mum

    Archie's Mum Always digging up clues

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    Found an inquest into the death of a Samuel Wilcocks on the 28 January 1850.
    He suffocated in the cabin of a certain water boat called the Sarah, lying alongside the New Wharf at Hobart Town and fell asleep whilst intoxicated. No age but I will try newspapers.
    From Tasmania Names Index.
    I have a strange feeling that this may be your Samuel.
    No! That's not him either.....this one was transported on the 'Eden 2' and was still serving his sentence when died.
     
    Last edited: Dec 27, 2015
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  9. Archie's Mum

    Archie's Mum Always digging up clues

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    Location:
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    This one arrived in the Colony 'free'
    So now I'm looking at the Samuel Wilcox who left in 1849 for Adelaide on the William from George Town
     
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  10. Archie's Mum

    Archie's Mum Always digging up clues

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    Looks like Samuel Wilcox per Asia was granted a free pardon in 1843 according to newspaper lists then for some reason it must have been rescinded because in 1845 in newspaper lists it was granted again. Then he disappears apart from the passenger list to Adelaide. After that, I've lost him. Of course that's if I have the correct one. There weren't that many of them and the others are accounted for.
     
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  11. Archie's Mum

    Archie's Mum Always digging up clues

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    Oops that should read 1845. Hmmm granted free pardon in 1845 then took off same year! What do you all think? Same guy?
     
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  12. Sis

    Sis Rootles out resources!

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    Go to the website below and then put his name in the search box. It brings up quite a few Samuel Wilcox, not sure all are your Samuel but I think some are.

    http://www.
    linc.tas.gov.au/family-history/Pages/default.aspx
     
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  13. burt

    burt Where there's a will there's a way!

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    Thank you Sis for for the web link.
    Thank you Archie's Mum for all your hard work.
    The analysis is I think is that he arrived in Tasmania and was
    designated to the Archer family. He had his differences whilst
    there which probably is the reason why he had to wait a little
    longer for his freedom! I agree he left for Adelaide almost
    immediately that was granted. Do the newspaper extracts give a
    date for his freedom in 1845?
    I was rather hoping records may have given his place of birth,
    but if the Tasmanian Census is anything to go by they are more
    interested in whether their house was built of wood or stone!:)
    Presumably Adelaide and other areas were also subject to the
    Census?
    It looks as if someone has researched the accomplice Robert
    Smith a little and I notice he travelled on a different ship. Forgot
    to see whether he went to the same destination, but they
    probably kept them apart! My youngest son said "Yeah, when
    those two get together.":)
     
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  14. Archie's Mum

    Archie's Mum Always digging up clues

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    Sorry Burt, yes the Colonial Times, Tasmania dated Tuesday 2nd January 1845 has his free pardon listed. The ship 'William' sailed from George Town on 28 July 1845.
    I did see the census of 1851 but I had already had in my mind the two Samuels who sailed away.
    There is another Samuel Wilcox from Launceston, shipwright who was made insolvent in 1854. I think this might be the one in the census as he had with him 5 others one of those a Ticket of Leave man.
    If you like you can access Browse Convicts Convict Records and add anything you may know of Samuel, also you can go to Claim a Convict, list your name and contact details against Samuels name and ship and anyone else who may have an interest in him can contact you. You never know he may have had another family over here.
     
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  15. Archie's Mum

    Archie's Mum Always digging up clues

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    The first Free Pardon is listed in the Courier on 29 September 1843 and coincides with information in his conduct record book. So I have no idea what may have happened, maybe he was convicted again for another offence.
     
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  16. Archie's Mum

    Archie's Mum Always digging up clues

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    The Archer family were and still are the most influential family in Tasmania. Their estate 'Woolmers' is the most historically significant property in Tasmania.
    www.
    woolmers.com.au/the-archer-family
     
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  17. Ma-dotcom

    Ma-dotcom A Bonza Little Digger!

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    Browsing TROVE I found yet another Samuel Wilcox, not a nice read. He was living [adulterously] with one Johanna SMITH whose Hubby was away at FernHill( from memory). He was later executed for her murder Sydney, on the 6th of April. 1855
    In same article was William Rodgers who murdered Joseph Allsopp.BAlkham Hills. Rodgers was working for the Smith family as near as I can make out. Not necessarily either family connected to the original cast but noteworthy.
    http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/art...imits=dateFrom=1850-01-01|||dateTo=1855-12-31
     
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  18. Archie's Mum

    Archie's Mum Always digging up clues

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    Thanks Wendy. I read about him as well. I think in the 'not for publication' bit.
    I did dismiss him though but you never know!
    The not for publication ones are quite.... hmmmm... how would you say...iffy.
    One I couldn't repeat here. :eek:
     
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  19. Archie's Mum

    Archie's Mum Always digging up clues

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    Samuel could also have been at Brickendon, a large land holding owned by William Archer, brother of Thomas who owned Woolmer's.
    Thomas had the second largest number of assigned convicts on private land in Tasmania.
    Woolmers;
    1830-51
    1832-60
    1833-64
    1835-45
    Brickendon;
    1830-39
    1832-38
    1833-43
    1835-34
     
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  20. Archie's Mum

    Archie's Mum Always digging up clues

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    OK so now have found Joseph Archer, brother number 3, mentioned in the conduct book on a property 'Panshanger' and Edward, 4th brother, also mentioned in the book as E. Archer at another property at Northbury.
    So it seems that Samuel must have worked for these two rather than at Woolmers or Brickendon.
    Australian Dictionary of Biography-Joseph Archer
     
    Last edited: Dec 28, 2015
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