Old Medical Terms

Discussion in 'Diseases & Medical Conditions' started by Daft Bat, May 14, 2013.

  1. Daft Bat

    Daft Bat Administrator. Chief cook & bottle washer! Staff Member

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    Sometimes we receive copies of death certificates and are unable to understand the terms used to describe our ancestors’ cause of death. Here are some terms that you may well find on a death certificate, whether the primary cause of death or in reference to the overall condition:

    Accouchement........................Childbirth, labour, confinement
    Accubation..............................Childbirth
    Aglutition................................Inability to swallow
    American Plague.....................Yellow Fever
    Anasarca..................................Massive oedema (build-up of fluid) from heart or kidney failure
    Aneurysm................................Swelling of a blood vessel but usually an artery
    Angina Maligna.......................Diphtheria
    Anthracosis..............................Lung disease caused by inhalation of coal dust.
    Apoplexy..................................A sudden loss of sensation and movement due to a disturbance of blood supply to the brain.Any suddenly fatal disease.
    Ascites......................................Abnormal fluid collection in the abdomen. This is often caused by liver disease, especially secondary cancer, but can result from heart or kidney failure.
    Asthenia...................................Weakness.
    Atherosclerosis........................Hardening of the arteries.
    Atrophy....................................Wasting away.

    Bad Blood.................................Syphilis
    Black Canker............................Meningococcal meningitis
    Black throat..............................Distemper
    Bloody Flux..............................Dysentery
    Brain Fever...............................Meningitis
    Brill’s Disease...........................Typhus

    Cachaemia................................Any blood disease
    Cachexy....................................Malnutrition
    Caduceus..................................Epilepsy
    Cancrum Otis...........................Gangrene of the cheeks and lips seen in debilitated children
    Colliquative..............................Wasting illness, especially when used in relation to diarrhoea
    CynancheMaligna...................Throat cancer

    Decay of Nature.......................Old Age
    Drops(e)y.................................Contraction of Hydropsy, which means fluid retention, often due to heart failure or kidney disease.

    Endocarditis.............................Disease or infection of the heart valves
    Enteric Fever............................Typhoid fever

    Flux...........................................Dysentery

    Grippe.......................................Influenza

    Hematemesis............................Vomiting blood
    Hemiplegia...............................Paralysis on one side of the body. Nearly always means a stroke
    Hydrophobia............................Rabies

    Inanition..................................Exhaustion from lack of nourishment. Also, could mean a premature birth.
    Ischaemia/ Ischaemic..............Deficient blood supply to an organ

    Jail fever...................................Typhus

    Kernicterus...............................Toxic effects of jaundice on the brain of new-born babies
    Kinkcough................................Whooping cough

    Malignancy...............................Cancer
    Malignant Fever.......................Typhus
    Marasmus................................Malnutrition/ starvation
    Morbilli....................................Measles
    MorbusGallicus.......................Syphilis
    Mortis.......................................Death

    Natural Decay..........................Old age
    Necrosis...................................Death of tissue

    Obit..........................................Death or dead
    Occult.......................................In a medical sense, this mean hidden or unknown

    Perityphilitis............................Appendicitis
    Phrenitis..................................Inflammation of the brain
    Phthysis...................................Pulmonary tuberculosis
    Puerperal Exhaustion.............Death due to childbirth
    Puerperal Fever.......................Infection after childbirth
    Puerperal Septicaemia............Infection after childbirth due to poor midwifery techniques
    Punitas....................................Refers to the after effects of floggings and other severe punishments
    Pyaemia...................................Septicaemia
    Pyelitis.....................................Infection or disease of the renal pelvis or that part of the kidney where the urine collects.

    Quincke’s Disease...................A severe and potentially fatal allergic reaction

    Rising of the Lights.................Lights is and old term for the lungs; rising of the lights means choking or breathlessness

    Scorbutic Fever........................Scurvy – vitamin C deficiency
    Scrofula....................................Tuberculosis of the lymph glands
    Senectus...................................Old age
    Septicaemia..............................Blood poisoning
    Silicosis.....................................Lung disease caused by breathing in mineral dust

    T.B............................................Tuberculosis
    Tetanus Neonatorum...............Tetanus in the new-born due to infection of the umbilical cord stump

    Vac............................................An abbreviation of the Latin word Vaccillo, meaning weakened
    Visitation of God......................Old age or natural causes
    Vulnus Punctum......................Stab wound
    VulnusScaplet.........................Knife wound
    VulnusSclopeticum.................Gunshot wound
     
    Dave2425, Elsiesgirl and Helen like this.
  2. Daft Bat

    Daft Bat Administrator. Chief cook & bottle washer! Staff Member

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    Updated. :)
     

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