In an age when we can travel half way around the world in a matter of hours and immediately inform people of our safe arrival, it is perhaps easy up overlook the detetmination and fortitude displayed by our pioneering ancestors, often of low status, as they migrated around the country and across the globe 150-200 years go. What were the push/pull factors that motivated them? How, and how much, did they know of their intended destination? How did they arrange and fund their travel? At a time of low levels of illiteracy and no universal mailing system, how did a dispersed family maintain contact, if at all? Were they daring or desparate? I realise there are a multitude of aswers but this is what puts the flesh on the bones of family history. Unfortunately here is so rarely any written evidence.